The Top Reasons for Importing Goods

May 24, 2018
USA Customs Clearance
Countries import because none of them, even the United States, are self-sustaining. Utilize the top reasons for importing to capitalize on consumer demand.
Voiced by Amazon Polly

Businesses today need to stay competitive on a global scale, which is why importing is more important than ever in today’s marketplace. Do you know the top reasons for importing goods?

There are seven main reasons for importing goods. Countries import goods or services if:

  1. The product does not exist within its borders.
  2. A better product exists that consumers demand.
  3. There is not enough of the product to generate consumer demand.
  4. The quality of the product doesn’t meet expectations.
  5. Consumer demand for the product cannot be met in the domestic market.
  6.  It’s cheaper to purchase the product than manufacture it.
  7.  Governments in other countries endorse import trading

Whether you are importing to the USA, discovering who needs a customs bond or discovering how to import wholesale from China, take advantage of our lessons and top reasons for importing goods to give you a leg up on the competition.

Table of Contents

Learn Why Importing is Important

Let’s start at the beginning. So why do nations import goods?  They import because none of them, even the United States, are totally self-sustaining on their own products.

What Prompts a Country to Import Goods?

Countries need to import services or goods when those goods are:

  • Essential to a country’s economy.
  • Not available to a country’s domestic market.
  • Manufactured at a cheaper cost somewhere else.
  • Sold at lower prices when produced from another country.

The United States Depends on Imports

The closest country to self-sufficiency there is on this planet, the U.S. has large amounts of silver, iron, copper, coal and nickel natural resources. However it still needs help from countries from around the world to get products consumers demand.

Overseas imports american consumers crave

The United States Still Depends and Craves Some Imports

The U.S. does not produce enough of some goods, including tungsten and oil. These types of goods are imported from other countries. The U.S. continues to depend on certain imports to meet energy needs and save money when imported goods are more economically prudent.

Consumers in America are also a different kind of consumer. They crave imports even when their own country is able to make domestically produced products at home. Examples of overseas imports American consumers crave in large quantities include:

  • Foreign cars
  • Wine
  • Cheese
  • Shoes
  • Clothes
  • Electronics
Country sending the most imports to the US

Top 10 United States Trading Partners

So which countries import the most goods and services to the United States? The countries that send the most imports to the U.S., in billions with a capital B, include:

1.  China: $502 Billion

The largest U.S. exporter, China sends everything from computers and smartphones to clothes and more to the U.S. every single year.

2.  Canada: $302 Billion

Our North American neighbor to the north sends vehicles, machinery and oil to the U.S. each year.

3.  Mexico: $297 Billion

Our North American neighbor to the south is responsible for a bulk of U.S. imported machinery, cars, computers and more.

4.  Japan: $134 Billion

Automobiles are Japan’s No. 1. Exported item.

5.  Germany: $75 Billion

Passenger vehicles top the list, followed by machinery and pharmaceuticals.

6.  South Korea: $74 Billion

Electronics, oil, machinery and cars are popular U.S. imports.

7.  United Kingdom: $59 Billion

Machinery now tops the list, followed by automobiles.

8.  France: $48 Billion

France is popular for its beverages, aircraft manufacturing and machinery imports.

9.  India: $46 Billion

Gemstones, oil and pharmaceuticals are the Top 3 demands from U.S. consumers.

10. Italy: 45 Billion

Wine, wine and more wine. U.S. consumers also purchase other beverages, pharmaceuticals and machinery from Italy.

Countries that Handle the Most Importing

Do you know who the top 10 importing countries are globally? Take a look at the countries that handle the most importing business on a global scale:

  1.  United States: $2.2 billion
  2.  China: $1.5 billion
  3.  Germany: $1.05 billion
  4.  United Kingdom: $635 million
  5.  Japan: $606 million
  6.  France: $573 million
  7.  Hong Kong: $547 million
  8.  Netherlands: $503 million
  9.  Canada: $416 million
  10.  South Korea: $406 million
ready to buy a customs bond

Every Country’s Biggest Import

What does your country crave the most? Take a look at some of the world’s biggest countries and what they import the most.

  • United States: Cars
  • Canada: Cars
  • Japan: Petroleum
  • Mexico: Vehicle Parts
  • Spain: Petroleum
  • France: Cars
  • Germany: Cars
  • Russia: Cars
  • Iran: Cars
  • Brazil: Petroleum
  • Australia: Cars
  • China: Petroleum
  • India: Petroleum

Do you see any similarities here? The majority of the world’s countries need cars and petroleum. Ninety-seven out of the world’s 187 countries crave refined petroleum the most. Cars come in second place, with 54 countries importing manufactured cars as their top import. Food is the top import for the globe’s remote and poverty-stricken countries. Here’s your breakdown:

  • Fuel: 97 countries
  • Transportation: 54 countries
  • Food and Produce: 12 countries
  • Metal, Mineral and Organic: 10 countries
  • Electronics: 6 countries
  • Medical: 4 countries
  • Textiles: 3 countries
  • Weapons: 1 countries
Top 5 Countries that produced the most imported oil for the US

Imported Oil is Big Business

As you can see from above, imported oil is the No. 1 import worldwide. In 2017, the United States imported more than 10 million barrels per day of imported oil from more than 80 countries. Imported oil includes:

  • Biofuels
  • Crude oil (79% of gross imported oil comes from crude oil)
  • Ethanol
  • Diesel fuel
  • Natural gas plant liquids
  • Liquefied refinery gases

Top Five Imported Oil Countries

The top five countries that produced the most imported oil for the U.S. in 2017 were:

  • Canada
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Mexico
  • Venezuela
  • Iraq

Top Five Exported Oil Countries

The United States is also an exporter of crude oil. The top five countries that received the most oil from the U.S. in 2017 were:

  • Mexico
  • Canada
  • China
  • Brazil
  • Japan

What is the Cost of Importing and Exporting to Your Importing Business?

Do you know the costs involved to your overall business as an importer? First, let’s look at the top reasons that importing and exporting improve your business model:

  • Opportunity to grow variety of products
  • Domestic market share increases
  • The costs for material to produce your imports decrease
Still Have Questions

Top Importing Costs

The main importing costs you need to factor include:

  • Transportation: You have to pay for freight companies to move your goods via sea, air, rail or road.
  • Warehousing, Inspection and Port of Entry Fees: Your goods are an open book. They are always open to inspection by customs agents at any time. With inspections come fees you must be aware of. You should also stay on top of your warehousing fees, which is the amount it costs to store your imports. You owe port fees at the time of inspection as well.
  • Agent Fees: Don’t forget the fees for customs agents to inspect your goods can sometimes be found folded into your inspection charges. Remember to pay for an arrival agent at your port of entry to help arrange warehousing plans.
  • Inspection Charges: Remember that your inspection fees will vary from border to border. Make sure your imported freight has been inspected closely by a Licensed Customs Agent so it meets the stringent requirements of all customs clearance laws and regulations in the countries you are doing business with.

Importing Brings New Products to the Market

Importing helps businesses discover if there is consumer demand for different imported products in their markets. Once a new product is introduced to the European or American markets from India or China, for example, it can take a year or so for the product to take hold and be popular in other markets.

Importing Benefits Consumers

When countries begin importing goods they lack within their own borders, it benefits consumers, which in turn benefits your importing business. Consumers and the local economy benefit from purchasing products that are not produced locally.

Marketing to Other Worldwide Markets

When you are importing and exporting to other world markets, you are responsible for introducing products to other parts of the world that otherwise might never utilize these resources.

Importing Increases Profits

When you are importing products, you are increasing profits. Since foreign need for imported goods is in high demand, you are making more money and receiving more orders than you would from domestic buyers.

Boosting the Economy and Jobs with Importing

Importing is important to United States jobs, the economy, and global development. Did you know the import business is responsible for 16 million jobs in America? Imports also support job growth in insurance and the finance industries.

Advantages of Importing

What are the main reasons for importing? There are many but the main benefits of importing include:

  • Introducing new merchandise to a market that can’t receive the product otherwise
  • The reduction in manufacturing costs
  • Providing countries with a quality imported good
  • Increasing your own company’s sales and profits
  • Boosting efficiency
  • Creating price stability worldwide
  • Making consumer products cheaper
  • Creating communication and technical advice for countries that crave it.
  • Fostering production on a large scale
  • Encouraging production at a lower cost
  • Creating more availability of goods
  • Helping each country optimize its use of natural resources, which reduces natural resources waste.

Disadvantages of Importing

There are some disadvantages of importing. These include:

  • Unemployment goes up
  • Reducing income of our own country
  • Manufacturers locally may lose business
  • Paying taxes on imported goods
  • Reducing the economic growth of the country  you are working with
Advantages of imported food

What are the Advantages of Imported Food?

Importing food is big business for importers. Do you know the advantages of imported food? Get your plates and silverware out as we teach you the ways of imported food.

Food Safety Modernization Act Demands High Quality Food

The Food Safety Modernization Act was signed in 2011 and is worth a whopping $1.4 billion. Our neighbor to the north, Canada, is also tights with its food import regulations. Importers have to be careful they follow the Food Safety Modernization Act closely.

5 Advantages of Imported Food

1. Cheaper Food

For many food products, it’s cheaper for a country to import them to produce the food within its own borders. Sometimes it’s because the country doesn’t have the proper resources such as the proper soil to create the right crop. As a result, these countries can sell their food, even imported food for a lower cost than what that country would have to charge if they tried to produce that food locally.

2. Better Quality

Believe it or no, local food isn’t always regulated properly. Imported food has strict regulations at border patrol and US ports of entry. You can be sure that imported food that is approved by U.S. customs agents went through a rigorous customs clearance process. Rest assured that the quality of imported food is top notch.

3. Good for the Environment

Who would have thought that imported food was good for the environment? How? Think of it this way. Sometimes the energy it takes to plant and cultivate a crop in a country on the other side of the world is much less than it would take to make the same crop here in America. We save money and reduce energy conservation here locally when we buy many imported foods.

4. More Variety

The more imported food we have, the more variety of imported food we have available to us as consumers. In the United States, we owe the importing and exporting food business for consumers having access to food such as bananas, tomatoes and several other crops no matter what time of year it is within our own borders.

5. Food Importing Creates Economic Opportunities

Local farmers in your country usually think importing means less jobs for them and less money in their pocket. Both importing and exporting, however, is crucial to your local economy and typically creates jobs that would not be available without the food importing and exporting process. Since there is less and less demand for farming workforce positions moving forward each and every year, the demand for imported food continues to grow.

ready to buy a customs bond

Advantages and Disadvantages of Import and Export in India

There are both advantages and disadvantages of import and export in India.

Advantages include:

  • A vast network of banking available to importers
  • A workforce that is both skilled and works for less than average labor costs
  • Working in an area with an economy on the rise.
  • Working in a market with a rising average income, which is creating a new middle class market for consumers
  • Easy access to southeast Asian consumer markets

International Trade Tips You Need to Know

Do you know everything you need to know about international trade? Let’s start with the definition. International trade is the bartering of services and import goods across country borders. International trade contributes greatly to the overall gross domestic product (GDP) share.

What are the Types of International Trade?

There are a variety of international trade types, which include:

  • Intra-industry trade: Importing the same type of imports that are in competition with goods produced within that country’s borders. The car industry in America is a perfect example of intra-industry trade.
  • Inter-firm trade: This is the trading of goods between different types of companies that make different products.
  • Intra-firm trade: This is trading that is limited to divisions of multi-national companies. An example of this is a company with large-reaching international subsidiaries.
  • Inter-industry trade: When two countries swap goods that are not made in each other’s country, this is known as inter-industry trading. This happens because the trading countries lack the manpower, technology or the natural resources to produce these goods themselves.

What are the 10 Benefits of International Trade?

There are plenty of benefits of international trade and international trade agreements like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Trans-Pacific Partnership and others. Those benefits include:

  • More variety. International trade, for instance, gives United States consumers more opportunity to purchase goods that otherwise wouldn’t be readily available.
  • More jobs. Trade typically brings more jobs to all trading partners involved.
  • Harmony. Countries that continue trading with each other successfully rarely enter into a military battle with each other.
  • Technology. To trade goods successfully while making money and still offering an affordable product, trading partners are always looking for ways to trade more efficiently. This involves thinking outside the box with new technology that can benefit other aspects of a country’s economy.
  • More money. Trade encourages international partners to invest cash to improve both their efficiencies and their products.
  • Faster product lines. Increased trade means increased product line. This forces companies to make their production lines work effortlessly and fast.
  • Economy revitalization. When countries that don’t have natural resources to be self-sustaining but have enough of one product those other countries crave, they can jumpstart their economy to become an economic engine for that in-demand product.
  • Cheaper costs. International trade makes products cheaper for consumers and decreases the chances of certain products seeing large price upticks at certain times of the year.
  • More product availability. International trading allows countries to keep more products on the shelves, resulting in less empty shelves for high-demand items.
  • Opportunity to get rid of surpluses. International trade gives your country the opportunity to unload the surplus of natural resource products on other countries. This alleviates the potential for goods saturation that can make the economy sputter.
ready to buy a customs bond

How to Find a Manufacturer Overseas

You found an amazing product you want to market globally as an importer. So now what? Your first step is finding someone that will manufacture that product overseas.

Search for Contract Manufacturing

When you utilize contract manufacturing, a hiring firm schedules manufactures both locally and all over the world to make the product. Contract manufacturers can also find manufacturers to make parts of the product if it can’t be assembled in one factory.

Hiring companies are responsible for coming up with a design and manufacturing formula that copies the product perfectly for overseas production and improving upon its design if possible. These companies also work to sell and market the products you will be importing down the line.

What to Look For in a Manufacturer Plant

When you are looking for in a manufacturer plant, make sure you find a company that:

  • Contains a facility that is spotless and runs efficiently
  • A company that can solve production issues
  • Is running on all cylinders financially
  • Has a good reputation management track record
  • Hits or beats production deadlines
  • Works well with your processes and technology
  • Is flexible  and can handle special orders
  • Meets quality standards

What to Look For in a Manufacturer Overseas

When you are looking for an overseas manufacturer, look for the following characteristics:

  • Employees you can trust
  • Workers that speak your language
  • A manufacturer that is able to comply with the rules and regulations of two countries for importing purposes.
  • A company that’s close in proximity to an accessible airport
  • A manufacturer with affordable labor that meets production deadlines.

Domestic Sourcing Versus Foreign Sourcing

Foreign sourcing for your products typically costs less than domestic sourcing. You might be able to save as much as 75 percent or more in labor costs by taking advantage of foreign sourcing. These savings allow you to tack on more money for importing and/or product development.

Domestic Sourcing Pros and Cons

If you want your products to stay close to home, then domestic sourcing is the way to go. The United States’ manufacturing industry has a good track record for manufacturing specialty products that consumers demand. If you don’t have much time to investigate importing your product from overseas, the USA is known for its better domestic production labor practices and has a better work track record.

Domestically-made products also have strict property rights, which means your products have a much better chance of not being copied if you go the domestic sourcing route. Shipments can also likely be produced and shipped faster. There is also better communication during the production process because most Americans speak English and there won’t be any miscommunication. Remember that the “Made in the USA” stamp is also a plus for your buyers looking for seals of approval and labels that prove they are purchasing a quality product.

Domestic sourcing hang-ups, though, include paying more because manufacturing and labor costs are more expensive.

Foreign Sourcing Pros and Cons

Countries which offer incentives to attract companies are able to land foreign sourcing clients. These incentives include tax breaks, fewer regulations, free property or warehousing facilities and more.

Foreign sourcing, though, does create some hiccups. Depending on the location of the foreign sourcing, shipping for imports can take weeks or longer. You must investigate the customs clearance process in other countries carefully to avoid delays and fines. While looking for the most cost effective approach for your foreign sourcing is important, make sure you find a happy medium that allows you to save money while delivering a quality product within an acceptable delivery time period.  

Still Have Questions

File the Proper Import Documents

You need to file the correct import paperwork to avoid any customs clearance hurdles. Fill out all your forms in English and make sure everything is filled out. Locate and fill out this import paperwork in its entirety to handle the customs clearance process effectively:

Commercial Invoice

Commercial invoices are used for foreign trade. They contain overseas importing details, including:

  • HTS codes
  • The information of the buyer and the seller
  • Origin
  • The manufacturer (person or company making the goods)
  • Destination

Packing List

Packing lists act as a to do list to make sure you have everything you need and the cargo you provide to freight forwarders and shippers is correct. The packing list works along with the commercial invoice to assist customs agents with everything you need to achieve clearance approval. Customs officials use this list to double check imports for customs agents.

Bill of Lading

Bills of ladings (BOLs) have tracking numbers to monitor your imports. These forms, which list international shipping details, are distributed by carriers to your import shippers. Exporters utilize BOLs to obtain payments. These forms allow importers to get paid for damages, lost or delayed imports.

Arrival Notice

When you receive an arrival notice, your goods have arrived at their port destination. This means it’s time to schedule a pick-up for your imports.

Incoterms Outline Your Transfer of Shipments

Now it’s time to crack your three-digit code. The three-letter digits used for imported and domestic freight are known as Incoterms. These numbers classify the conditions for your goods and outline your import contracts. Licensed customs agents can make sure your goods are labeled with the proper Incoterms.

Find Your Port of Entry

Are your goods heading to a west coast port of entry or an east coast port of entry? There are so many US ports of entry to choose from. Allow a licensed customs broker to plan the most efficient route for your imported goods that works best for your importing needs.

Sign a Power of Attorney

Sometimes it’s easier to let a customs broker handle tasks for you so you don’t miss anything. A Licensed Customs Brokers can do the following when you sign a power of attorney:

  • Act as guarantor for bonds required by law
  • Act as authorized agents for all export activity
  • Make import and export transactions
  • Sign and swear to any documents
  • Conduct actions to import goods
  • Make bills of lading endorsements
Still Have Questions

Comply with Importing Laws from Other Countries

Remember that you have to following the importing rules and regulations from other countries too. Do your homework and find the correct import duty, or tax, for your overseas imports.

Clearance approval
Work with a Licensed Customs Agent

Working with a Licensed Customs Agent allows you to avoid customs clearance hurdles during the tedious importing process. Customs Brokers can handle all of your import requirements. Utilize a Customs Broker when:

  • You need to move imports fast.
  • Your importing value exceeds $2,500, which mandates you to purchase a customs bond.
  • You have to meet tight deadlines.
  • You seek someone that knows the ins and outs of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP) importing rules.

AFC International and other brokers, though, require bonds on all imported goods no matter what the shipment value is.

Customs Bonds: Which Type Works Best for You?

Did you know there are two types of customs bonds available for your importing needs? Pick which customs bond type works best for you below:

Single Entry Bond Definition

Single entry bonds work best for importers needing to ship one specific shipment to a port of entry. These bonds are suited best for importers that only need to import every so often. They also work well for freight that is lower in overall value. You can only use a single entry bond though if you import less than four shipments a year.

Continuous Bond Definition

Continuous bonds work best for those that work all year long to move freight overseas to US ports of entry. Why? Continuous bonds renew every year and you can use them to import multiple shipments throughout the year. These bonds also work best for shipments with high cost values.

Purchase a Customs Bond Today

Customs bonds are required for your imports. To receive the proper customs bond to conquer the customs clearance process, calculate the customs bond type you need. We also offer cargo insurance through our network of supply chain companies. We will help you through purchasing additional insurance that protects both the importer and the freight.

Utilize a Licensed Customs Brokerage Service

Are you still confused with the reasons for importing goods and how the process works? If the importing process is overwhelming, contact AFC International today to allow our Licensed Customs Agents to alleviate all of your importing issues. Licensed Customs Brokers are trained to make the import process simple.

Our value-added customs brokerage services work seamlessly to provide you with an importing process that allows you to concentrate on your business. Have questions? Click the bottom right box to chat and we can answer you right now! Clear customs easily with us today by requesting a customs bond quote! We are here to serve you!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Article

June 13, 2018
Do You Need an Import License to Import Into the United States?
The U.S. is one of the few countries in the world that does not require an import license. Other cou...
Read More Now
May 15, 2018
What Can Customs Bond Agents Do For You?
The customs bond guarantees that the importer will pay the taxes and duty at the port of entry. On t...
Read More Now
April 25, 2018
What Does a Customs Bond Cover?
A customs bond is a required document that acts as an insurance policy, but what exactly does a cust...
Read More Now